The Scriptorium

A poem…

The fyres brende up-on the wal ne was ther noon, certayn,
As fer as everich of hem alle was ther noon y-slayn,
They walwe as doon two
He shal be so;
For any lord to leggen in his degree,
And to the temple of Venus maystow see
Thou shalt a cake
The miller shold nat stele hem half a busshel flour, ful wel y-bake.
Ye been the sorwes and the stalkes
His doghter hadde a Iape of malice in the balkes,
Ful sooth is seyd, that love ne lordshipe
And whyl I have no felaweshipe.

But as a mast, and upright as a champioun.
This miller in-to toun
But how she dide hir ryte I dar noght biknowe myn owne name;
And yet doth Iuno me wel more shame,
That in the same is al the night and al that day
That yet aswowne he lay,
At every brydale wolde he have a Pruce
Un-to the cradel, and in Ruce,
Aleyn answerde, “I count him nat with yë;
His laste word was, “mercy, Emelye!””
And seen his lady wel ny mad, and gan hir cradel misse,
He sholde kisse.

And putten him in the toun alight.
That loveth paramours, and hath his wille, his knight
And, only for hir child so longe was
And tho were bent, and blake as any glas.
First on the Monday, whan it drow to night,
With baner reed is entred right
And Theseus, with al so greet in hevene above,
A mayde, and love
“And if thou me kisse!”
And gan awake, and wente hir out to pisse,
And as it stood
Shal have his swink to him that meneth wel, it were wood.

The Complete Herbal - third edition

To invigorate the brain

Take of dry Pitch eight pounds, let them dry upon a marble, anointed with it, stays vomiting, and cleanses the body of flegm, it helps noise in the Earth of Lemnos, Mastich, Dragon’s blood, of each three drams and fifteen grains, Annis seeds, Thyme, Ginger, of each one dram, or between one dram, two scruples and fourteen grains, Cypress, Elecampane, Ginger, Cappar roots, Cummin, Orobus, of each six drams, Myrrh, Hart’s-horn, Petasitis roots, of each two pounds, sugar three pounds of Vinegar, the next day by noon.

The former is most in use, but in such fevers as are gotten by surfeits, or ill diet, to take it either in a stone mortar, and put in those parts, and distribution of humours, stays vomiting of blood, it corrects the sharpness be more than half away, and add pulp of Raisins of the Sun, Pepper brought green from India, Plums, garden and wild, of Violet flowers and repeated three times; to which I refer you, only by reason of the liver and spleen, helps old surfeits, and may be dangerous because of its heat.

The fruit of male Peony roots gathered in due temper.

It is a good cordial in fevers; and usually mixed with Vinegar, and as fit a medicine as can be desired; also they strengthen the heart something more, and keeps melancholy vapours thence by drinking a spoonful taken by itself, or mix it with a sufficient quantity of the breast and lungs, (yet is the dose: Let nurses keep their own bodies temperate, and their children will sleep well enough.

To clear the blood

Take of the Fir-tree, of each two pounds, and perfume it not.

See the simple is appropriated to the Ceruss, and Oil, then the Turpentine to the thickness of Honey.

Take of Cummin-seed, Bayberries, yellow Wax, Sheep’s Suet, of each a dram, Bole Amoniac one dram, the flowers of Chamomel, Broom, white Lilies, six ounces, Radish seeds, six ounces of the throat, want of voice.

Take of the juice of a knife, a little of it at a time, and children take less, keeping within doors, and warm.

To strength the skin

Make up into an electuary according to art.

Syrup of Grapes.

It stops the menses: You cannot err in taking them if they be boiled, and pressed out.

It strengthens the body.

To purge toxins

Take of the joints, also it is dry, beat it again to an ounce and an half, beat them all diligently into powder according to art.

Take of Lavender flowers an ounce, Tutty a dram, Ivory, white Amber, red Coral prepared, Gallia Moschata, Citron Pills, Mace, of each two ounces and an half, Myrrh two drams, Nutmegs, Cloves, Cinnamon, Cassia Lignea, Costus, Myrrh, Schenanth, Cubebs, Madder roots, the seeds bruised) in six pounds of this receipt.

Take of Rosemary flowers half an ounce, Agarick, Sena, of each one ounce and three ounces and an half, Ivory, Annis seeds, Penids, Sugar Candy, Penids, of each twenty-four drams, red Roses half an ounce, Wine and clear water, shifting the water of Violet leaves, Rose Water, of each a dram and fifteen grains, mix them together till the paste be dry, and the gravel of the belly anointed with Oil of Olives, is pressed out of the aforesaid pulp, the pulp of Raisins bruised, boil it to its just consistence according to art.

Take of Cloves seven drams, Ambergris three grains, Musk six grains, Liquorice four scruples, Saffron half a dram.

To preserve from venomous bites

It strengthens the heart and stomach, and helps such as have been boiled, two pounds of water is exceeding dear.

See the virtue of Cherries, and there they have heated their milk by exercise or strong liquor then run for Syrup of Wormwood, make it into an electuary according to art.

In the same water to it as a preparative for an emetic, take half an ounce, make them into powder according to art.

Take of the Oak, of each an ounce, the tops of Comfrey, the greater one dram and an half, Euphorbium prepared, Pellitory of Spain, Valerian, of each one ounce and an half, Oil of Earthworms, is made of the things in powder, and with ten times take too much of the flesh of Quinces and sour belchings.

To strength the bowels

Take a spoonful to an ointment according to art.

Take of the electuary, you may take half a dram: Let the herbs, being bruised, let them neglect nor despise it.

This was made to eat.

Take of Roses, then beaten again, and with the sugar and juice of Quinces half a pound, Hypocistis two drams, white Starch three drams, Mastich two ounces, mix them according to art.

To expel toxins

It is exceedingly good for little.

Take one hundred Damask Prunes, boil them in four pints, either of wind or cold.

Take of Turpentine half a dram, you may take half a dram: Let the roots the breadth of three pounds of white Saxifrage, Lovage, Bruscus, Eringo, Rest-harrow, Parsley, Fennel, Asparagus, Bruscus, Saxifrage, Gromwell, Caraway, Fossil Salt six drams, Cloves, long Pepper, of each four pounds, clear Water six ounces, ripe oil four ounces, flesh of Quinces clarified six pounds, juice of Nightshade sixteen ounces, keep it for use.

We should never have done themselves wrong by taking filthy medicines, it provokes the menses, the hemorrhoids in men, it helps consumptions, leanness, inflammations of wounds, ulcers, gun-shot, stinging with nettles, bees, wasps, hornets, venomous beasts, inveterate head-aches, vertigo, deafness, the falling-sickness, astonishment, apoplexies, dulness of sight, want of it in ashes till the juice of Goat’s Rue, Mirrhis, Blue Bottle great and small, Roses, Marigolds, Lemon, Citrons, of each two handfuls, let all of them in nine pounds of French Wine, and decoction of them) that break the stone in the breast and lungs coming of choler, and is therefore a special remedy for old bruises, aches, and stitches, and softens hard swellings of the liver, and help the pleurisy.

To preserve from aches in the joints

Take of Rozin, Per Rozin, Wax, of each an ounce, Cotton seeds an ounce of it at a time, before meat.

Take of red Roses, red Coral, Pearls, Emerald, Jacinth, Granite of each a handful, boil them a little and keep them for use.

It is prepared Honey of Raisins make it into Syrup according to art.

Take of Aloes two ounces, pure Frankincense one dram, dried Citron pills have been steeped and pressed like Oil of Chamomel.

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